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17 Jan 2021

“The women are forced to hand over all their money to their madams, and in order to go free they’re told they have to pay a debt of between $40,000 to $50,000. Efforts to end modern slavery have bipartisan support — but the State Department is still missing an ambassador-at-large to monitor and combat trafficking in persons. Whether or not the numbers have increased dramatically during the 2018 World Cup, Russia is no stranger to human sex trafficking. In 2003, President Vladimir Putin introduced laws making human trafficking a crime. Rose confiscated her documents and told her she owed a $50,000 debt. This study was published by International Organisation for Migration (IOM) with financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and was conducted between June and September 2006. FIFA’s “FAN IDs” provided millions of football fans with visa-free travel to Russia for the World Cup – but also proved a boon to criminal people-trafficking networks. FRANCE 24's Elena Volochine and Gulliver Cragg report. Since then, Russia has not introduced any further anti-trafficking laws. Major sporting events including the World Cup, the Olympics, and the Super Bowl always spark warnings over an influx of trafficked workers, many of whom are the victims of forced prostitution. After learning about the increasing problem of sex trafficking from African countries to Russia, he decided to fight the practice. There were reports that sexual exploitation had risen by 30 percent in connection with the World Cup in Germany in 2006, and 40 percent at the World Cup in South Africa in 2010. But it is merely a small section of the Russian law enforcement apparatus, mostly operating in Moscow and St. Petersburg. “During raids, there were cases when the madams jumped out of third-floor windows to escape the police,” Siluyanova recalled. Silencing @realDonaldTrump was the easy part. The very least the Russian government could do would be to advertise hotline numbers that could make the difference between continued captivity and escaping sexual slavery. Can they avoid a repeat of their last attempt? In February, Amina had been lured to Russia through a job agency in Nigeria. According to the Global Slavery Index, there were more than a million victims of human trafficking in Russia in 2016. The Human Rights organization Amnesty International staged the action to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Alternative scans sex websites looking for advertisements for African women and once had a male staff member pose as a client to find out an address. Human trafficking thrives at large sporting events such as the Olympic Games, Super Bowl and the FIFA World Cup for many reasons. A woman is locked up in a transparent suitcase reading "Stop Human Trafficking! 48 Ukraine has one of the largest diasporas in the world, with the major share residing in Russia. Russia has criminalised human trafficking in article 127.1 of the criminal code. “Even when the women are rescued, they are afraid of reporting the madams’ crimes. In response to various demands for FIFA to take action against human trafficking and forced prostitution at the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany™, the following statement has been issued. Human trafficking is one of the most critical humanitarian issues of the century and virtually operates everywhere in the world. In 2009, the International Labour Organization reported that forced labor is the most predominant form of trafficking in Russia. The ties between human trafficking and the Russian economy go beyond just the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Human rights supporters around the world are working to fight human trafficking in Russia, and in turn, reduce the number of slaves illegally moved around the globe. According to CNN, five men, including a policeman and a quarantine officer were planning to fly the victims to Russia. They’re psychologically and physically abused, and the only time they get out is when the madam receives an order and calls a taxi to bring the girl to the client,” Siluyanova explained. They’re often psychologically abused into staying silent.”. Human Trafficking Around the World. Most of the time their families do not know or care — or are complicit themselves. The conflict in the eastern part of the neighbouring Ukraine has increased the risk of cross-border trafficking and forced labour due to war, displacement, and economic crisis. As the 2018 World Cup final match came to a close in Russia, the world’s focus moved to 2022 and Qatar, where the next World Cup will be held. The first daughter joined the secretary of state for the report's launch as the Trump administration tries to find its footing on human rights. “This time, we were much more prepared,” Siluyanova said. Her organization carried out interviews with groups of men and women from Africa at Russian airports to find out if they could be the victims of trafficking and carried out raids in what they suspected were hidden brothels. Normally visitors to Russia need to have a full visa, but during the world cup, all that one needs is a ticket to a football match and a fan pass. Despite the tireless work of NGOs to combat human trafficking, political clashes between the Russian and U.S. governments have made their work more difficult. “Language is the key to isolating a woman,” she said. It was, however, concluded that focusing on only one type of human trafficking led to a narrow Florence Kim of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said, “It can be extremely difficult to identify human trafficking because of its invisible nature, and even more so because victims are afraid to denounce their traffickers. The state has cooperated with NGOs in busting trafficking rings, most notably during the World Cup held in Russia in 2018, the report said. Concrete figures are notoriously elusive. The case of Amina, who spent just three months in sexual slavery before being rescued, was exceptional. When she arrived at the airport in Moscow, she was met by Rose, who turned out to be her madam. The World Cup was played in Russia between June 14 and July 15, 2018. Thousands of people have been trafficked to Russia since June, according to the Nigerian anti-trafficking activist Oluremi Banwo Kehinde, who leads Help Services for Nigerians in Russia, an organization that supports African victims of human trafficking based in Moscow. France 24 screenshot | People abandoned by human traffickers gather outside a youth hostel in Central Moscow. The majority of police officers are still unaware or simply ignorant about the extent and gravity of human trafficking. Before the recent World Cup tournaments in Brazil, South Africa, and Germany, there were significant outreach campaigns to prevent human trafficking. “We don’t know who you are, and it’s not our business,” was the government’s response, according to Siluyanova. Many Russians blame the victims for falling into prostitution, which is why fighting human trafficking remains a. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article is based partially or entirely on public domain works of the U.S. government, and thus may require cleanup. Abuja - Ten Nigerian children have been rescued from human traffickers planning to fly them to Russia and exploit relaxed visa controls for the World Cup, anti-trafficking officials said on Tuesday. The World Cup, the Olympics, and other sporting events require immense infrastructure, which may facilitate forced labor. Victims are immediately deported back to their country, where they’re almost guaranteed to be in danger and face rejection by their community.”. Anti-slavery nongovernmental organizations in Russia claim that human trafficking has increased since the start of the temporary visa-free regime for ticket holders, which began on June 4 in advance of the World Cup. In response to another question from the same survey, around 41 percent of the respondents blamed the victims for their situation, while another 41 percent believed women were duped by criminal gangs or sold into slavery by parents and friends. The trafficking of women and girls for sexual abuse purposes is likely to increase in order to meet the expected rise in demand for sex. Twenty-five percent of Russia’s GDP on average comes from the shadow economy, but that number skyrockets to 60 percent in some regions and economic sectors. But experts dispute whether such events intensify the problem of human trafficking. Stephanie Hepburn and Rita J. Simon . Now the hard work begins. After observing the rise in human trafficking during last year’s Confederations Cup held in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Kazan, and Sochi, activists put together a robust action plan for the World Cup. “Authorities don’t see them as victims but as illegal immigrants and refuse to provide even basic medical care when they’re rescued. Multiple news sources have reported ten Nigerian children were rescued from a human trafficking ring outlined around the World Cup, which runs across 11 Russian cities from June 14 to July 15. The crowds at large sporting events are usually predominantly composed of men and this year’s FIFA World Cup was no different. Stadiums, hotels, roads, and more must be built in order to host these events. ABUJA/LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Human traffickers are planning to exploit relaxed Russian visa controls for next month's World Cup … Women and children from Europe (predominantly Ukraine and Moldova), Southeast Asia (primarily China and the Philippines), Africa (particularly Nigeria), and Central Asia are victims of sex trafficking in Russia. For example, during the FIFA World Cup in Russia, many construction workers could have suffered trafficking, but instead, their employers denied them wages and … An IOM study on human trafficking and the football world cup in Germany which found inconclusive evidence of an increase in trafficking for sexual exploitation paid credit to the activities put in place by the German authorities and NGOs to counter trafficking during the event. REUTERS/Maxim Blessing Obuson from Nigeria, 19, rescued from human traffickers, poses for a portrait in a shelter on the outskirts of Moscow, Russia February 21, 2019. 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