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17 Jan 2021

However, it is a known fact that many of Christians and Muslims in CAR incorporate their indigenous religious practices in their everyday lives. Traditional African Belief continues to have a significant influence in Ghana because of the intimate relation to local mores and family loyalties. Traditional African religion, aside from the disconcerting diversity of its actual forms of expression, is in reality much more than (those) in the west mean by the term «religion». Despite the popularity of world-famous churches, the traditional religions of Africa are still in demand and used, as they were centuries ago. The religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa are Christianity and Islam. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. The deities and spirits are honored through libation or sacrifice (of animals, vegetables, cooked food, flowers, semi-precious stones and precious metals). It can also refer to the institutionalisation of such beliefs and their practices. Ancestors (ancestral ghosts/spirits) are an integral part of reality. One religious ceremony practiced in Gabon and Cameroon is the Okuyi, practiced by several Bantu ethnic groups. African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity are three extremely different religions that have very different belief systems. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. Even life in the hereafter is conceived in materialistic and physical terms. Yet Ngai is not the distant God that we know in the West. An African understanding, The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, "US study sheds light on Africa's unique religious mix", Ian S. Markham,(A World Religions Reader. Most of Africa's organized religions were brought to the country from Europeans and other foreign settlers. For many Africans and Ghanaians, in particular, it is religion more than anything else that shapes their worldview and participation in social life6. Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. ), are excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic or driving drumming or singing. For example, in the Serer religion, one of the most sacred stars in the cosmos is called Yoonir (the Star of Sirius). Today, around 10 percent of the African population still practice some form of traditional religion. African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. This is because African Traditional Religion is a natural religion while Islam and Christianity are salvation religions. According to him, the belief in spirits and ancestors is the most important element of African religions. Traditional Indigenous Beliefs. about African Traditional Religions. Main article: African divination 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography says: Earth’s Crisis and Evolution Series- Part 1 Finding Commonality in Religious and Spiritual Pathways – SacredFireofKnowledge says: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Persecution of traditional African religion, 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography, ... [Trackback] [...] Read More Infos here: slife.org/ethics-in-religion/ [...], […] https://www.discovermongolia.mn/about-mongolia/culture-art-history/religion-in-mongolia https://slife.org/mongolian-shamanism/ https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-religions-are-practiced-in-mongolia.html […], ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. It is an amalgam of moral ideas and practices that permeates all of life at personal and social levels (ibid.). There are generally no prohibitions against the practice. [34] Some recognize a dual god and goddess such as Mawu-Lisa. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. 6. The Benin Monarchy, Olokun & Iha Ominigbon. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003), Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African Religion and other religions, Persecution of traditional African religion, "The world of spirits and the respect for nature: towards a new appreciation of animism", "Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa", What is religion? […] This literature was highly treasured by many Jewish enthusiasts, in... […] Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a “secret”... […] (طهارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. In view of the pluralism of Africanness, the religion tends to be ethnocentric. Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. This is what makes African Religion a traditional belief. The traditional belief systems, spirituality and faith of West African peoples has been described in more or less disparaging terms over the course of history, broad terms that fail to reflect the complexity and depth of these beliefs: “paganism”, “animism”, “ancestor-worship”, “idolatry”, “fetishism”, “heathenism”, etc. . For the Kikuyu, according to their primary supreme creator, Ngai, acting through the lesser deities, is believed to speak to and be capable of guiding the virtuous person as one’s conscience. Main article: List of African mythological figures. The will of the gods or spirits is sought by the believer also through consultation of divinities or divination. The defining line between deities and ancestors is often contested, but overall, ancestors are believed to occupy a higher level of existence than living human beings and are believed to be able to bestow either blessings or illness upon their living descendants. He – for Ngai is male – cannot be seen, but is manifest in the sun, moon, stars, comets and meteors, thunder and lightning, rain, in rainbows and in the great fig trees (mugùmò) that served as places of worship and sacrifice, and which marked the spot at Mukurue wa Gathanga where Gikuyu and Mumbi – the ancestors of the Kikuyu in the oral legend – first settled. The term “African Traditional Religion” is used in two complementary senses. [31], When this trance-like state is witnessed and understood, adherents are privy to a way of contemplating the pure or symbolic embodiment of a particular mindset or frame of reference. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. They have been nurtured with the local practices and culture, but still carry some similarities, like pantheism, in their structures. The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonising nature with the supernatural. The three main religious traditions—African traditional religion, Christianity, and Islam—constitute the triple religious heritage of the African continent. Although the majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. The three main religious traditions—African traditional religion, Christianity, and Islam—constitute the triple religious heritage of the African continent. Percentage of population practicing traditional religion. [8][9], Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. African Traditional Religion. Elements of the traditional religion that a Christian would need to consider when sharing the Christian faith/gospel with a person from this community. In Christian or Islamic communities, religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices of traditional religions. Christianity and Islam, which are considered as foreign since their doctrines and practices came from outside of Africa. [23][24][20] San religion is generally non-theistic but a belief in a Spirit or Power of existence which can be tapped in a trance-dance; trance-healers. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one The African belief in one Creator God on the one hand, and lesser gods on the other hand, raises the question of whether African Traditional Religion should be termed monotheistic or polytheistic. For instance, the Yoruba religion has historically been centered in southwestern Nigeria, the Zulu religion in southern Africa, and the Igbo religion in southeastern Nigeria. Examples include social behaviors such as the respect for parents and elders, raising children appropriately, providing hospitality, and being honest, trustworthy, and courageous. Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. Individuals cannot reject a particular belief, since beliefs are part and parcel of the wider community. [1][7], Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. They believe different things about life after we die on earth, they believe that different things are and are not God, and they believe different types of people are and are not prophets and priests. It is a As an all-embracing worldview, African religion has a number of beliefs held in common by the community. More than 100 million Africans still adhere to the traditional African religions. At times rulers have been described as gods or as endowed with God's divinity. Such separation and subsequent contemplation of the nature and sources of pure energy or feelings serves to help participants manage and accept them when they arise in mundane contexts. Introduction to African religion. Kingship is integral to African belief systems for at least two reasons. The word, is related to the Maasai word Enkai, and was borrowed by both the Kikuyu and Kamba. The difference between powerful spirits and gods is often minimal. ), are excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic or driving drumming or singing. [30], West and Central African religious practices generally manifest themselves in communal ceremonies or divinatory rites in which members of the community, overcome by force (or ashe, nyama, etc. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. This heritage, though contemporarily more dynamically evidenced, has a long history and influence. Well, well. African Traditional Religions are sets of diverse beliefs that are followed by people in separate places. The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions . Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. Today, around 10 percent of the African population still practice some form of traditional religion. Traditional healers are common in most areas, and their practices include a religious element to varying degrees. Their beliefs deal with the relation of humans to the divine and with communication between the human world and the spirit world. In traditional African societies, many people seek out diviners on a regular basis. ), World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, "Ancient African Religion Finds Roots In America", "The Need to Re-Conceptualize African Traditional Religion", The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800, Black God: the Afroasiatic roots of the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religions, Sayings of the Ancient One - Wisdom from Ancient Africa, culture-exchange.blog/animism-modern-africa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Traditional_African_religions&oldid=997452558, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Manjonjo Healers of Chitungwiza of Zimbabwe, Information presented here was gleaned from, Chidester, David. He then took the first man, Gikuyu, to the top to point out the beauty of the land he was giving him.In traditional African religions, such as the Azande religion, a person is said to have a good or bad conscience, depending on whether he does the bidding of God or malevolent spirits. Only about 5% of the population of the CAR adhere to traditional religious beliefs. The two Abrahamic religions are widespread across Africa, though mostly concentrated in different areas. Some recognize a dual God and Goddess such as Mawu-Lisa. human diviners. Despite the presence of Islam and Christianity, traditional religions in Ghana have retained their influence because of their intimate relation to family loyalties and local mores. The ancestors are thus the foundation on which traditional healing rests. According to Clemmont E. Vontress, the various religious traditions of Africa are united by a basic Animism. Umewaen: Journal of Benin & Edoid Studies: Osweego, NY. Its practices and beliefs are based on the faith of the ancestors. [16], Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. 4–5). Topic: The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian-Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan traditional area of the Central Region. They therefore ask the ancestors to communicate on their behalf. Native American & African Traditional Religions, Beliefs and Practices. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Traditional healers are common in most areas, and their practices include a religious element to varying degrees. So normally we refer to African Traditional Religions in the plural, and it’s simply summarized or written in notation form as “ATR” – African Traditional Religion. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. Ngai, says one legend, made the mountain his resting place while on an inspection tour of earth. The Spiritual Life © 2020. Most African societies believe in a single Supreme being (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.). He summarizes that traditional African religions are not only religions, but a worldview, a way of life. Nevertheless, they also display enough family resemblances for us to be able to delineate their main features and to a very reasonable extent fall on them to represent the whole. Common Beliefs The traditional cosmology expresses belief in a supreme being (referred to by the Akan as Nyame, or by the Ewe as Mawu). Some African religions adopted different views through the influence of Islam or even Hinduism.[36]. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural and passed down from one generation to another through folk tales, songs and festivals, include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator or force, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic and traditional African medicine. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background). The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. This list is limited to a few well-known traditions. The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. Natural religions are indigenous and automatically a part of the person’s … Followers of traditional African religions pray to various spirits as well as to their ancestors. At the theoretical level, assuming a romantic view of Shona attitudes to nature, it is possible to conclude that Shona traditional religion is necessarily environmentally friendly. This is what makes African Religion a traditional belief. Since Africa is a large continent with many ethnic groups and cultures, there is not one single technique of casting divination. Key words: Religion, Christian, Influence, African traditional religion and Value systems Introduction: The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. (1 ½ - 2 pages) Religion provides us with a set of beliefs, values and attitudes, a focal point for developing ritual as well as a variety of social networks therefore giving us a purpose to our lives. At personal and social levels ( ibid. ) many ethnic groups and cultures, there is a belief a! 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